The short sightedness is also called myopia which is found to be very common these days. It is the cause of impaired vision mainly in kids. This usually occurs for people who are below the age of 40. But the prevalence of the problem is somehow growing at an alarming rate. If the person is suffering from myopia, then he must have difficulty to read the road signs and even see the distant objects clearly.
Signs and symptoms of myopia include squinting or eye strain and headache. The person or the child feels fatigued when they drive or play a sport. But the shortsightedness correction can be done by wearing glasses or contact lenses.
Causes of Myopia
The problem of vision occurs mainly when the size of the eyeball is too long comparatively to the power of the cornea. Hence the focus of the light rays is at a point in front of the retina. It does not focus directly on the surface.
The other cause also includes the curve of the cornea or the lens of the eye. It is seen to be more curved as per the length of the eyeball. Sometimes the shortsightedness also occurs due to the combination of these factors.
Treatment For Short Sightedness
The short sightedness correction can be effectively done with the help of different treatments.
The people may also benefit from implantable lenses. This is known as phakic IOLs. These are very tiny lenses that work almost like contact lenses. They are implanted surgically within the eye and directly behind the pupil. This is the permanent way of short sightedness correction. The short sightedness or myopia has now become a very common eye condition and it’s found to affect at least 1 in 3 people in the UK. It rangesfrom mild to severe and at times the vision is significantly affected.